The Ultimate Guide To The 2024 World Nomad Games In Kazakhstan
The Ultimate Guide To The 2024 World Nomad Games In Kazakhstan
From my personal journal.
“In 6 days, I’ll be leaving for Kyrgyzstan, a country I had never heard with a name I can barely pronounce. On a map, it’s flanked by the other ‘Stans and China, and was once part of the great Silk Road journey, but that’s as much knowledge as I have of this place. How serendipitous that my adventure will coincide with the World Nomad Games that takes place only once every two years. From the little the I’ve learned about it, this is the Olympics of Central Asia, but instead of sports like swimming and track and field, there’s horseback wrestling and a game where a dead goat carcass is used instead of a ball. This will be wild.”
I travel the world to find unique curiosities and the 2018 World Nomad Games had everything I searched for in an experience: a celebration of the region’s nomad past and culture taking place in a far off land. I came as part of a large contingent of over 500 local and foreign journalists covering the 3rd Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan.
National Geographic was there. The New York Times was there. And right alongside them, little ol’ Where and Wander.
What Is The World Nomad Games?
“What’s the World Nomad Games?” was the most common question I got when I told my friends I was headed to Kyrgyzstan for the event? Prior to arriving, I answered by saying that it’s basically the Olympics of Central Asia, but instead of swimming and volleyball, athletes of the World Nomad Games compete in horseback archery, hunt with falcons, and play a game on horseback with a dead goat carcass as the ball. On paper, that’s exactly what it is, competitive games that were played by the nomadic people of Central Asia. Today, it is a celebration of that past and tradition.
The 6 day event takes place once every two years and has been hosted by Kyrgyzstan for the third time now in the Issyk-kul region. For 2018, there were 37 different sports with over 2000 athletes participating from 82 countries.
The games, which include sports like Kok-Boru (headless goat polo), Er Enish (horseback wrestling), Salburun (falconry), and Ordo (bocci balls with cow and goat bones) were split between the modern athletic facilities at the Hippodrome and Gasprom Center in Cholpon-Ata and in the open valleys of the Kyrchyn Village about 45 miles away.
When Is The Next World Nomad Games?
The 2024 edition of the World Nomad Games is scheduled to take place between September 8-15, 2024 in Astana, Kazakhstan. After the 2018 3rd World Nomad Games, the location moved from Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan to Antalya, Turkey. The 4th edition was delayed due to the Pandemic and eventually a shortened edition took place between September 29 – October 2 in Iznik, Turkey. The 2024 World Nomad Games will bring back all the main events, including the gem of the Games – Kok Boru?
What Is Kok-Boru?
Kok-Boru, a traditional horse game, is probably the game that most people refer to when they talk of the World Nomad Games, and is in fact the most coveted of the seats, much like the 100 meter sprint at the Summer Olympics. It is also the most eyebrow raising of the games. So what exactly is Kok-Boru?
Translated as ‘grey wolf’, the game originated hundreds of years ago in the open plains of Central Asia when hunters defending their herds from wolves would return with the carcasses of the wolves and entertain themselves by playing keep away with those carcasses. The games evolved over the centuries and today is played with the carcass of a dead goat with the aim of getting it to the opponent’s side of the field and tossing it into a giant bowl-like container called a ‘kazan’. It’s a brutal game that requires a lot of strength (to haul a 40kg goat carcass) and skill on horseback (to outmaneuver the other opposing horseback riders).
Capturing The 2018 World Nomad Games on 35mm Film
For my assignment, I decided to go analog and left my usual gear at home for a much more simple kit: a Voigtlander Bessa R3A 35mm camera, the perfectly paired Voigtlander 40mm f/1.4 lens, and 30 rolls of 35mm Portra 400 film.
36 shots per roll. One focal length, no zoom, no instant review, and no telling if I got the shot or completely screwed up the focus, exposure or composition. It had been years since I’ve shot on film, so there was certainly some pressure and palpable excitement prior to pressing down on the shutter and exposing that first shot onto the negatives. I would also have to wait until returning home to develop and scan the negatives.
A Beautiful Mistake
The magic of shooting on film is that you can’t fully predict what will happen, and two of my first shots were partially exposed on top of each other from not being properly winded forward. It was a definitely an error, but it also turned out to be one of my favorite captures from the game. Seeing these photographs nearly two months after the games brought back so many memories.
With media credentials, I was able to go to the Hippodrome Stadium while preparations were still being made for the Opening Ceremony. Dancers rehearsed their choreography, a large crew of people was putting the final touches on the staging area, and a group of horse riders (including men, women and children) assembled to practice a bit of…of everything.
During their break, the riders formed a large circle while different individuals showed off their skills and I had a front row seat to seeing boys back flip off their horses, men wrestling on horseback, and even a rider singing a serenade on the Kyrgyz komuz.
What Story Did I Want To Tell With My 40mm Perspective
A 40mm focal length on a 35mm film body is the visual equivalent of just being a hair wider than the human eye’s field of attention. In other words, it’s a little wider than what we see in focus with our eyes.
It’s a beautifully simple focal length that captures what I see. Not much more and not much less. Uncomplicated. For me, it was always going to be about the people.
As nice as it would have been to have a 600mm telephoto lens to capture the brutal detail of Kok-Boru, where two teams of horseback riders fight over a headless goat carcass, I was much more excited to roam around and find the behind the scenes portraits, the in between the action moments, and the frames caught when everyone’s attention is turned elsewhere.
Trying To Find My Stories In The Kyrchyn Gorge
The freedom of shooting with one lens, meant I had to really move around to find what I wanted to capture. The limited number of exposures per roll meant I had to be very deliberate about each shot. In the expansive valley of the Kyrchyn Gorge, I had no shortage of subjects to photograph.
While the sports themselves were supposed to be the main focus of the Games, I personally found myself more drawn to everything else going on in the village, from the people dressed in traditional clothes putting on a display of the old ways, to the visitors camping out and just passing the time.
During the opening and closing ceremonies at the village, I chose to give up my seat in the media section to wander behind the main stage. Much to my satisfaction, I had a much closer view of the people putting on the show. Some practiced and prepared for their parts, but most seemed to just be taking it all in and enjoying the moment just like the visitors.
I was lucky enough to walk around with another American photographer, who used to be peace corp member 10 years back in Kyrgyzstan and learned the language. We were an odd enough pair because I more resembled a local, and yet this white dude from New York was the one speaking fluent Kyrgyz. Everyone loved it and were very happy to let us photograph them naturally.
The Faces Of The World Nomad Games
With my normal gear, I could quick focus and capture 10 shots in a few seconds. If I didn’t feel like I had it, I’d fire off another 5 or 10 and I’d know instantly if I got a ‘good enough’ shot.
Shooting on film was a much slower process. I’d first have to meter for the light and do a mental adjustment in my head to get the exposure correct. After that, I’d carefully focus and keep everything steady. Only then, can I start to wait for the right moment to press the shutter. Every shot mattered. Without a common tongue, I could not ask anything from the people I shot and yet in some ways, they understood what I wanted to capture each time and very few ‘posed’ for the camera. They let me take my time and just take what I saw.
What initially felt like a slow and restrictive processed turned into something meditative. When I had to wait for the right shot, it was like waiting for a feeling, or a connection with my subject. I was just as still, looking at them, as they were, looking at me. When I felt like I found it, I released the shutter. We often exchanged a smile only after the exposure was made. I keep those memories for myself.
Months later after I’ve processed these images, I found the look on these faces to be as raw and honest as the moment I captured them. I almost never took more than one frame of the same person, so what I saw after the developing the film was the only capture I had. Every shot counted, however imperfect they were.
These are the majority of the images I captured on film of the World Nomad Games. They are, in my best effort, my attempt to capture what I saw at the games beyond the actual games themselves. They were of the people who volunteered to dress up in traditional clothes, to play the role of their ancestors, to remind their own people and foreign guests of their history. They were also of the locals that attended the games, and of the many more helped to bring the event together.
Is Kok-Boru Really Played With A Dead Goat?
As strange it may sound, these games actually exist were played in the past with the traditional still being carried on by people today around the world. Kok-Boru being one of those games was a display of strength, skill, and bravado all on horseback. As press, I watched a few of the games from just behind the kazan (see the side note to learn more about Kok-Boru).
From that vantage point, you can see the speed at which the riders barrel towards the goal while holding onto a 40kg goat carcass. Yes, it’s actually a real goat carcass that’s prepared before ahead of the games. Ceremonially, the goat is killed and drained of its blood. The head, guts, and hooves are removed and the whole goat is sewn back up and ready to go.
When the game starts, spectators will see two main phase of play. The first is almost a huddling of the horse as the two teams create a position to section off and wrestle for control of the goat. When a player is able to reach down and heave up the goat to his hips, it’s off to the races. This is when the defending team chases after the carrier hoping to block off his path to the Kazan.
It’s incredible to see their maneuvering and control because at that speed, while being chased, it’s no wonder how the riders can stop on a dime to toss the goat without flying in himself. And at times, they do just that, and flip right into the Kazan bowl with the goat, leaping up in triumph. Exulted having just scored, but also because they are still in one piece.
When the goat is dropped or a rider is blocked, dust is kicked up into the air as both sides fight in close quarter to get control of the goat. Imagine leaning deeply over one side of your horse, without falling over, and trying to pull up 40 kg of floppy dead weight to your hips. And then riding away as fast as possible before the opposing riders try to take it always from you.
As ridiculous as that sounded, there were other games that really caught my attention as well like Er Enish, where two people wrestle to pull the other down from their horse, and horseback archery. Outside of the games, I could not have imagined where else I could see this except perhaps in movies about Mongolia during the Khanate era.
How To Get Tickets For the 2024 World Nomad Games?
Like the previous games, the tickets to the 2024 World Nomad Games in Kazakhstan will be free for spectators. However, the opening and closing ceremony will require a ticket. Currently, the tickets are no on sale yet, but they are usually available locally. The best strategy for securing a ticket is to inquire locally with your hotel or guesthouse. Like much of how other things work in Central Asia, information is passed most accurately and in the most update manner via local new channels, telegram channels, and groups. This information is harder to come by if you’re trying to search in English, so best to inquire locally.
Since the inception of the World Nomad Games in 2014, it was held every 2 years in the Issyk-Kul region of Kyrgyzstan. After passing the torch to Turkey for the 4th Nomad Games, it is now moving back to Kyrgyzstan’s northern neighbor, Kazakhstan.
See my full gallery of 35mm photographs from the games below.
Updated on October 24, 2023